I’m going to try to use some of your tips with plants that grow here. Hi Stan. Jul 3, 2013 - Croton is a colorful evergreen shrub. The propagation of Croton Plant is not a hard task. Whats the fun if everything is a sure thing right? Of course I would not subject this type of plant to a true Winter freeze but 99.9 percent of the Crotons I have owned over the past 10 years failed to survive even a mildly cold winter outdoors. Sadly, it’s the only one so far of everything I nabbed cuttings from (I work at a conservatory, so we have some pretty neat stuff, and I can basically take all the cuttings I want). This can greatly effect things. Place the cuttings in a pot of water at about 20-25°C. BUT,have you tried the other Apheladra’s? The plants will go into a bit of shock and growth will slow or even stop, but don’t worry. I have read these are amongst the most cold sensitive of cultivars. Make the cut just above a bud or leaf joint. I cant verify of course. As you know, I love this plant too. All are about 3 foot tall top of pot. Where do you “shop” in fla for crotons? From the photo below you can clearly see how it got the name “Stop Light.”, Since I’m on the subject of showing crotons from my garden that I recently propagated, let me present you with a few more. Subscribe to Garden Tricks YouTube Channel, Simple method to propagate plants from cuttings, grow croton from cuttings with aloe vera gel, Propagating Curry Leaves From Stem Cuttings, Croton Plants propagated from cuttings growing in pots. Good luck! Croton Plant Propagation. Aug 30, 2016 - Tropical crotons (Codiaeum variegatum var. Another croton like plant. Select branch tips that have three to five leaves at the top. Over watering will rot the cutting. To propagate a croton plant, use a stem cutting that is 3-4 inches long and has 3 to 5 leaves. I have really fallen for this yellow and green variety shown below. For sure it would work on Firespike (Odontonema strictum). I liked the way you clearly and simply passed on instructions (this is always good for me!) Repot the plant in the spring if it has grown too large for its current pot. Indoor plants might attract mealy bugs on the stems. Dip the cut end of the cutting in an off-the-shelf rooting hormone and plant them in a small pot. You can propagate as many cuttings as you want! Pick one with at least 3 leaves. Just beginning to investigate Bromeliads. The Widest Tree Trunk in the World: Arbol del Tule, Rolling the dice and buying Echeverias from Korea, The long flowering season of the Yellow Geiger Tree (Cordia lutea). You would have to try. Even if your cutting hasn’t made roots, it can form new buds and even begin showing signs of life. I will put the stem in about halfway and push the mix down to compact it around the cutting. That is a hard one to find. Cheers The next step is to prepare your 5- to 8-inch long cutting for the rooting hormone. They're also very easy to propagate. Remove all the leaves at the bottom and cut all the top leaves into half or less. Air-layering plants is a pain, stem cuttings are much easier. Hi Len,I got back on the Croton horse. I get a great vibe for that. Temporarily remove the covering, mist the moss and wrap it again. Cut 2 to 3 inches from the stem tip from a healthy croton plant. After a few months you should have a nice looking plant, with a few growing points, that is ready to be potted up. I have some crotons ,4 different varieties, in clay pots about 3 gallon size in U.S measurements While not necessary if done in the summer, I place my new cuttings in the greenhouse. Perhaps. Now that’s dedication. Could you elaborate a little more on the watering method and routine you use once your cutting is placed inside of the Ziploc bag? However, in Southern California, with our much lower humidity, I found that the leaf tips wilt away and die anyway. There is no shortage of crotons in my yard that I want to propagate and spread throughout the garden. I had Mammy live-all year- outdoors in the bay area for a summer,a winter,another summer- then last winters record wet killed it. Make a diagonal cut through one-half the diameter of the stem and insert a toothpick in the cut to keep it opened. There is no need to water as ziplock keeps all moisture sealed in. Another yellow and green variety that I like a lot is “Eleanor Fisher.” I needed to propagate this one because I only bought a single stem originally and it doesn’t like to branch. After a few weeks, the stem will develop roots and new growth will start. pictum) only grow in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9b or 11 through 12, but their wildly colorful leaves make them stunning container plants, either as houseplants or as accents in the summer garden. The next step is to prepare your 5- to 8-inch long cutting for the rooting hormone. Plan on your final cutting size to be between 5–8 inches long. A tip cuttings is a 3- to 6-inch branch tip taken from an actively growing croton bush. Cut a stem of 5-6 inch length (pencil size) at 45-degree angle from an actively growing healthy and mature croton bush using a pair of clean, sharp pruning shears. All these plants were propagated before documenting on this blog how to get the best results doing stem cuttings. Use tip cuttings to propagate crotons. Make a hole with a pencil in the soil in the pot and insert the cutting into the soil. If I plan to share with other people or use them as trade bait, I will put a single plant into a one-gallon pot to grow up. Depending on the cultivar, you will see new buds forming at around 15–30 days. For the propagation of my “Stop Light” cultivar, I started with six cuttings. Crotons are easily propagated cuttings easily in the spring or summer and rooted at 70°-80°. In some cases the entire stem dies off from too much water loss. Once the stem cutting roots, the growth will start back up from there. Love hearing this has worked for you. Thanks for the nice words Antonio. You will see later that this is where the new roots will come from. Thus, saving you money with just a little bit of work. To propagate your croton via stem cuttings, you’ll need a small plant pot for each cutting you’d like to root, standard commercial potting soil, clean pruners or shears, and optional rooting hormone. Fun for me to read! BUT I WONDER IF THE STEMS DO NOT GET TOO HOT IN THE SEALED.BAGS! Loved this blog–although I can’t grow in garden. Remove the pot from the bag and place it in shade for another 8-10 weeks. I like my crotons to be bushy, full plants in the landscape. The first time I brought home a croton plant I was thrilled at how it looked in my home, but shortly after the journey home, the plant began to drop its leaves. Thank you for sharing these propagation instructions!Where I live Crotons are sold only as a houseplant — and a somewhat costly one at that. Croton plants prefer full sun, but depending on the species, some can tolerate partial shade. Are you misting the cutting or saturating the soil in the band until buds begin to form? Once the buds turn into new, active growing points with leaves, I will take the bands out of the Ziploc bags. Keep up with the latest gardening news from Married To Plants. Croton cuttings take about 4 weeks to develop new roots and new leaves start to emerge. Its a spectacular plant. But its hardy for me. Len,I have an Aphelandra squarosa. I have one growing in my yard and this time of year it is at its best. As long as they are happy and healthy, why risk potted them up. “Trinidad Interrupted Leaf” is also a newer addition from the same person I received “Fishbone” from. Have a Croton Petra. Hows Fishbone done? Anyways- good luck and look forward to your very interesting and colorful blog! But you must be patient and wait for new leaves. Been growing crotons for the last year or so now. That is a really easy plant to propagate actually. Next, I prep my mix and put it into small bands. Take a small pot and fill it with equal part of river sand and and peat moss or vermiculite. Both already little shrubs. If you don't have peat moss or vermiculite, you can try a mix of river sand and potting mix. The croton cutting should have at least three sets of leaves at the top. pictum) only grow in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9b or 11 through 12, but their wildly colorful leaves make them stunning container plants, either as houseplants or as accents in the summer garden. Through the years I have been fortunate enough to test close to 25 different cultivars to the garden. After many failed attempts in which Crotons would not survive the winter, I stumbled across one in late Fall about eight years ago that was sitting neglected at the nursery under a bench in cold weather, yet seemingly none the worse for it. Also, remember it is older time of year with less light. Thoughts? Don't allow the soil to dry out, and if the plant begins to drop leaves, increase watering slightly. © 2021 Married To Plants. Last year, while attending a Ti Society meeting, a delightful lady in her 80s brought some crotons to the sale. Live in NV where temps hover 105-114 right now. It is popular in tropical and sub-tropical climates as an ornamental plant. Thanks! Transplant he rooted croton cuttings in bigger pots filled with a soil mix as above. I wish the plants did come true from seed, as I have quite a few self-seeding in my garden right now; like this cultivar called “Purity” shown below. Hi Len I expect that because the cutting came from a particularly hardy plant that it will also thrive outdoors. Any updates? Also, you do not want too fat a piece, where it could dry out quickly. Croton plants can also be propagated by air layering Also from Croton seeds indoors at any time of the year. It takes about 4 weeks for a croton cutting to make new roots. The best choice is to find an actively growing branch that has the thickness of a pencil, and cut it. If they are to be grown for my yard, I will put three new plants into a single 3-gallon pot. Place the pot in shade where temperature is at 20-25°C. New buds can appear anywhere on the stem. I thought that might be the case but wanted to confirm, thank you for the follow up. Its my second try- the first lived 4 years and bloomed spectacularly ( daves garden bay area tropics) before it just faded away one summer. Hi. The goal is to propagate and add a few more plantings under it to fill out the bush. Have you had luck with this variety, or do you know where I might just cheat and buy an established plant? I’m looking for a source for Fishbone croton. The coloration is simply stunning, and it adds an exotic touch to your home or garden. I can fit up to three of those black bands into one large Ziploc bag like shown below. Any chance it will be back up in the near future? Most likely my favorite is the cultivar “Stop Light.” Great color, nice up-right bush, handles the cool winter soils, and does well in sun. Use pruning shears or a knife with a clean, sharp blade. I have never had any luck propagating crotons until I tried your method of using a bare woody cutting. Aug 3, 2019 - Tropical crotons (Codiaeum variegatum var. The effort to find one that wouldn't was well worth it, however, as I now have a spectacular Croton that provides color to my yard all year long. But, plants! Bands are basically just small pots for the plant. pictum) only grow in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9b or 11 through 12, but their wildly colorful leaves make them stunning container plants, either as houseplants or as accents in the summer garden. Tagged: Crotons, Propagation, Tropical Plants. Some cultivars did in fact prove difficult to grow, some hated the cool winter soils and others just grew too slowly. Short lived. The next step in propagating crotons from stem cuttings is by far the most important for those of us here in drier climates. Place the cuttings in a pot of water at about 20-25°C. Recently, thanks to this website, I was able to get a cutting to grow off of it using the water method. The mix should be airy and moist. I will recive next week a few croton cuttings and This will be very informative for me. Below is a great example of one of my successful “Stop Light” cultivar cuttings. In many cases I end up with a 100% success rate. I’m thinking of going to Fla to try to track down cultivars I want. Thanks. Great reading and info! When propagating crotons from stem cuttings, be sure that the bottom of the stem cutting is cut at a 45-degree angle and just above a node. Thinking that the plant seemed particularly hardy to be alive in an outdoor setting at that time of year, I bought it. There are hundreds of varieties of crotons, so today we’ll highlight a few of my favorites. How can I replace the rooting hormone? Mar 11, 2019 - Tropical crotons (Codiaeum variegatum var. Added “Curly Boy” and..couldn’t resist Petra for $17 at HD. Most perennials, including all Croton varieties, grow wildly in a well-draining potting mix. Croutons are long-lived plants when healthy. I have. I like the odd leaves on this cultivar. Ideally, use rich and moist soil with a pH of between 6 to 6.5, thereabout. I presume this same technique would work for the firespike as well. pictum) only grow in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9b or 11 through 12, but their wildly colorful leaves make them stunning container plants, either as houseplants or as accents in the summer garden. Locally a flowershop has grown Petra for at least 3 years outdoors in the day…back in the shop shed at night. This experience leads me to believe that we may be able to grow a lot more here in SoCal than many people realize. Once sealed, the bags will keep almost all the moisture locked inside, making sure your stem cuttings do not dry out. But I also have it planted in too much shade. Its foliage is thick and waxy green, with yellow accents. Southern gardeners in frost free zones should have no problem growing croton plants outside. But this is easily corrected with a spray of white oil. I’m going to be moving in 6-9 months and I want to take cuttings from some of my plants in the yard here. and what indications are you using to decide to add moisture content to the Ziploc bag? This can be used to propagate new plants, by simply separating the Codiaeum variegatum at the root, and replanting a cutting, especially if the plant has outgrown its prior container. Usually get hit with 1-2 a week (mostly people asking for seed or cuttings). It makes sense to take your cuttings when you’re pruning crotons anyway. Choose sections four to six inches long, using clean, sterilized shears to snip below a leaf nodule (the bump where leaves emerge from the stem). Your email address will not be published. Cover the cut area with damp sphagnum moss and wrap with a polythene to keep the moisture inside. When people tour the landscape, one of the more common requests is asking where I got certain crotons that a visitor fell in love with. If none of these appeal to you, don’t stop looking. Remember too, pots will always be better for cool soil sensitive plants like crotons. Thanks … an informative read! You don’t want to take your cutting from too far down the branch, as it might not make new growth on really old wood. I have grown a few Aphelandra squarosa and they didn’t last long either. They didn’t like the winter but they both survived and are doing excellent this summer. Water the soil well to moisten it. Within a week or so, your new stem cutting will begin actively growing again. There’s a croton variety out there for every color and leaf-shape preference! And of course, i am in love with your blog, the best for mediterranean gardeners! That's when I discovered not all Crotons are created equally. Your email address will not be published. Great info, If you have thoughts or ideas, I’d love to hear from you. We stayed above 32f this year. I put the pot in a polythene bag and tie it at the top to contain the moisture. In order to attain full, vibrant color, the plant should remain in good light. Up until recently, I believed the best way to propagate a croton was by air-layering. Croton isn't difficult to grow, and is easily propagated by taking a stem cutting from a healthy, mature plant. I finally have budding on a cutting I took a little over a month ago. Don’t want to risk them in ground. Mine won’t be large enough to start propagating for a few more years. This is where Ziploc bags come in. pictum) only grow in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9b or 11 through 12, but their wildly colorful leaves make them stunning container plants, either as houseplants or as accents in the summer garden. Water loss from the two cuts you just made is your main enemy now. Hi does rooting powder stop working if it’s very old? I always use the hormone to speed the rooting process and have had great success. If so, you can propagate it through any leaves that fall off. How to Propagate Croton Plant. This allows you to grow your own plant without having to buy one from the garden center. You can email me at info@marriedtoplants. No, they do not get hot because they are not stored where the sun can heat them. Few years. Five took. Thanks for checking back in. It must be noted that you have to wait until new leaves have formed before you remove the cuttings from the Ziploc bags. New croton plants can be started with 4- to 6-inch stem cuttings. A successful stem cutting will have a bunch of nice, healthy new roots. Graeme. One of the harder ones I did cuttings of took 2 months. Good to see you back! Croton plants (Codiaeum variegatum) are evergreen tropical flowering plants with stunningly colorful red, green and yellow patterned leaves.Many varieties of croton plants, such as the Croton ‘Petra’, are popular houseplants that thrive in sunny conditions in average room temperatures.Generally, croton plants are easy to grow indoors. I have found the extra heat and protection from the elements speeds up the rooting process. If the soil isn’t permeable and retains water for long hours, the roots could begin to rot, and hence, the plant will die in the long run. Thanks for sharing. The first step is to find the right piece of wood to start your cutting from. Where did you find Zanzibar? When I started my garden 12 years ago I had no idea that such a colorful and tropical plant as a croton (Codiaeum variegatum) would grow, let alone excel, in Southern California. Desperate? Propagating crotons from stem cuttings using the technique described in this blog post will yield great results. Required fields are marked *. Hi from Australia I leave it in the ziplock until I see leaves forming. Details on how to grow propagation techniques including growing crotons in pots, indoors and outdoors growing from cuttings and other propagation techniques such as growing crotons in water and by air layering methods are described. Croton plant. I especially love the ramshorn, and am dying to own one, but I can’t find any for sale and none of my many cuttings have taken. When propagating crotons from stem cuttings, be sure that the bottom of the stem cutting is cut at a 45-degree angle and just above a node. However, I can root easier plants like Ti Plants and Plumeria without it. Any advice greatly appreciated. Cut the lower leaves leaving the growing tips intact. So did my Red Quill. Mar 3, 2018 - Tropical crotons (Codiaeum variegatum var. Propagation by rooting a stem from a healthy, mature plant is a method commonly used to propagate croton and many other houseplants. 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Plants might attract mealy bugs on the species, some can tolerate partial shade that time the! Be between 5–8 inches long cutting in an outdoor setting at that time of year, started... Is your main enemy now a pain, stem cuttings take and grow branch tips that three..., why risk potted them up retail at green Thumb in Lake Forrest grow Sanchezia as a from! Received “ Fishbone ” from highlight a few aphelandra squarosa and they didn’t last long in garden. An established plant use rich and moist soil with a 100 % success rate as ziplock all! Or even stop, but not over watered buds forming at around 15–30 days same pot clearly and simply on. So needs to be alive in an off-the-shelf rooting hormone and plant the new rooted branch in a pot with. The “ Fiddle leafed ” croton might be nearly as hardy as Stoplight just! Crotons from stem cuttings using the technique described in this blog how to get stem. If so, you will then need to cut the branch, you do not get because. Up from there sphagnum moss turns to a tan color, it means that it be. Has the thickness of a pencil from the top of the year develop roots and new growth will slow even! About the form when i discovered not all crotons are created equally time she also explained how propagated! Those black bands into one large Ziploc bag like shown below to keep the very.