American holly is the hardiest of all known broadleaf evergreens. Holly – more specifically the European holly, Ilex aquifolium – is commonly referenced at Christmas time, and is often referred to by the name Christ's thorn. Bark—llex opaca: American holly Credits: Gitta Hasing. Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild. The American holly tree (Ilex opaca) is an evergreen species renowned for its leaves and berries, which often wind up in Christmas decorations. Discover (and save!) "Watch the video It grows very slowly: when planted among trees which are not more rapid in growth than itself, it is sometimes drawn up to a height of 50 feet, but more frequently its greatest height in this country is 30 to 40 feet, and it rarely exceeds 2 feet in diameter. Trees of Alabama and the Southeast American holly used as large-scale foundation plant at Hood College in Frederick County, Md. Its best growth in the wild usually occurs in rich bottomlands and swamp margins. Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Celastrales>Aquifoliaceae>Ilex opaca Ait. Common Name(s): American Holly Tree. The spiny, dull green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. American Holly is a fairly common understory tree, American Holly is easy to identify, with prickly evergreen leaves, smooth bark, and red fruits (on female trees) that last through the winter. Virginia Tech Dendrology, Recommended Tree, Shrub, and Woody Vine Identification Guides. The tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins. Black Root Rot: Black root rot is caused by the fungus Thielaviopsis basicola. It is often used in place of English holly, especially in Christmas decorations. This type of tree is dioecious, meaning male and female trees are separate. Introduction: American holly is a broad-leaf evergreen with a beautiful shape, but with a variety of insect and disease problems.The tree offers clusters of red berries that persist throughout fall and winter. More information: However, in planted settings, they are often only 15-30 feet tall. NC State Fact Sheet Female specimens produce a bright red or orange fruit which matures in the fall and persists into the winter. My name is Holly and I am an American. » Holly Family » … Creatures » ... any provider CalPhotos Flickr BHL Wikimedia Commons Flickr Group USDA PLANTS images Bioimages Vanderbilt DwCA Silvics of North America USGS Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab. The wood is very pale, tough, close-grained, takes a good polish, and is used for whip-handles, engraving blocks and also cabinet work. The American holly tree (Ilex opaca) is an evergreen species renowned for its leaves and berries, which often wind up in Christmas decorations. Common names are from state and federal lists. Being situated in too much shade will cause the plant foliage to lose density. The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. This species is easily identified because it is the only native U.S. h… It can also be dyed and used as a substitute for ebony. Look at the tree bark’s color, texture and pattern. trusted. Only female trees produce those festive red berries, which ripen to red during the colder months of autumn and winter. Not all hollies can be used interchangeably. This variety of holly is an evergreen growing tree that attains an average height of 33-36 feet. Properties: laxative, emetic, diuretic. Silvics Manual The bark of it is smooth, and grayish to grayish-brown. Medium to fine uniform texture with moderate natural luster. American holly is not used medicinally very often anymore. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. American holly has smooth bark when it is young. Clusters of fragrant, white flowers appear from May to June and attract a number of bee species to assist in pollination. Overview Information Wild cherry is a tree. Aboveground symptoms may include stunting of terminal growth, shortening of internodes, and interveinal chlorosis. Spines are evenly spaced and are long and sharp. The ones at left are staminate (male) flowers. Holly branches are still used to decorate homes and make wreaths at Christmas. Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild. Bark. If planted in the right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can live up to 100 years or longer. Also take note of the smooth bark. How to Treat Holly Tree Diseases. New York. It is commonly used to make walking sticks. How to Grow Holly Cuttings. in length. Explore Recent Photos; Trending; Events; The Commons; Flickr Galleries; World Map Clusters of fragrant, white flowers appear from May to June and attract a number of bee species to assist in pollination. The bark and fruit are used to make medicine. These trees are commonly used in native plantings, as shrub borders, mass planting, and for fruit displays during the fall and winter season. Nat. Grow it in a well-drained soil, but keep the soil moist. Diseases Tar spot may occasionally cause small yellow spots on the leaves in early summer. It is also widely known as the basic raw material for Christmas wreaths. Russian olive tree bark is red-brown and fissured, with long strips peeling off of it. Holly wood also makes good firewood and burns with a strong heat. How to Measure the Age of a Holly Tree. Male trees produce axillary clusters of 3-12 male flowers on peduncles about 1" long. Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). It is the classic holly of Christmas wreathes, with leathery, evergreen leaves having sharp points along their margins, and dramatically contrasting bright red berries produced in late fall. American holly normally grows to heights of 15 to 30 feet tall, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet. Holly is often found in Beech and Oak woodlands, but can also, although rarely, form pure holly forests. The dense branches of this holly grow nearly horizontal in a American Holly is an evergreen tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. Persist on tree from September through February. Male and female flowers are on separate trees, so trees of both sexes must be located within the same area to ensure fruit production. Male and female flowers appear on separate trees and trees of both sexes must be located in the same neighborhood to ensure production of berries on the female plants. Plants grow best in low, acid pH soils in part shade. Nausea, vomiting (not in horses), diarrhea, depression. Person Co., NC 4/1/06. Check with your local nurseries regarding the best varieties in your area. American Holly. In time a thick trunk will develop, covered in smooth gray bark, although trimming will delay this more or less indefinitely. American Holly is an evergreen tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. I am a hard-core dicot with my roots in eastern and south-central United States, from coastal Massachusetts south to central Florida, and west to southeastern Missouri and eastern Texas. Flowers appear in early May. Soft white wood with a very feminine and protective energy. Bright red or orange berry-like drupe. They are presented in alphabetical order. The American holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served the Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. The leaves of American holly are stiff and dark green, with sharp points on the margins. Jun 10, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Jay Pittman. While it can grow in partial shade, you will achieve denser growth if you give it full sun. cc-by-4.0. Holly is usually cut during the winter and kiln dried shortly thereafter to preserve the white color ... Should I remove the bark, ie skin it? The American holly was named Delaware’s official tree in 1939 when the state was the leading exporter of holly Christmas wreaths. Blooms are produced on the current season's growth beginning in April in the southern growth range and June in the north. Scientific Name: Ilex opaca This bark becomes covered in wartlike growths as the trees age. Ord.—Aquifoliaceae. 1). Trees are either male or female and require several to get fruit production. Individual male flowers are about ¼" across, consisting of a short green calyx with 4 lobes, 4 greenish white or yellowish white petals, and 4 stamens. It is a larval host plant for Henry's Elfin (Callophrys henrici) larvae which appear from February to May and have one flight. It is a slow growing tree, but overtime an American holly can grow quite tall. While holly bushes are lovely, they are susceptible to diseases that affect their health and appearance. Holly plants (Ilex spp.) Growing holly cuttings is not at all difficult. English holly plants are the quintessential hollies, short broadleaf evergreen trees with dense, dark-green glossy leaves. Beautiful Holly Wood wand. Translation by Augustus Lucas Hillhouse. It is used primarily as a decoration. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked and irregular. leaf and flower in spring Brunswick Nature Park, 'Clarendon Spreading' Form (Biltmore, NC), PA and MA south through FL, west to TX up through Midwest states. The American Holly is dioecious (male and female flowers are on separate trees). If you are interested in growing English hollies or just want a few more English holly facts, click here. Our only similar species is Chinese Holly (Ilex cornuta), which has distinctively shaped leaves and is smaller in stature. The gray bark is very smooth and usually covered with many species of lichens. Crabapple bark tends to be smooth and red to brown in color. Spider mites cause discoloration and speckling of holly foliage. Part afternoon shade is best in hot summer climates. Holly bark is light gray or white. It has greenish-white flowers bloom April-June (male flowers in 3-12 flowered clusters and female flowers solitary or in 2's or 3's). Corteza de Olmo, Écorce d'Orme, Narvan Elm, Orme Champêtre, Orme Commun, Smooth-Leaved Elm, Ulmus minor. -Fermented bark can be used as an insect repellent. Coupled with its handsome bark, these features make the river birch a welcome feature in the winter garden and certainly earn it a place on this list. Male and female flowers appear on separate trees and trees of both sexes must be located in the same neighborhood to ensure production of berries on the female plants. The dark green, elliptical leaves have several spiny teeth along the leaf margin. The American holly, called the evergreen or Christmas holly (Ilex opaca Aiton) was named the state tree of Delaware on 1 May 1939. SUPPLY In the previous version of this publication (1953), the wood supply was reported to be at least 5 million board feet. The spiny, dull green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter. Twospotted Spider Mites on Landscape Plants, Soft Scale Identification and Management on Ornamental Plants, Botrytis Fruit Rot / Gray Mold on Strawberry, NC Cooperative Extension and NHC Arboretum. Holly bushes, such as the English holly and the American holly, are often placed in home gardens and yards for their glossy green foliage. Its prickly leaves are a dark green color. Vitamins, Minerals, & More. Some people prune the lower branches from older trees to expose the handsome, smooth, gray bark. The berries are packed along the branches and they turn red by October, and stay on the bush well into the winter, and certainly through the holidays, when you can cut branches for wreaths, table-decoration or vases. This tree is an American Holly. American Holly is dioecious, forming male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers on separate trees. It can be stained and polished and is used to make furniture or in engraving work. Holly Bark, Editor: Wicked Minds. Identifying diseases that are harmful to a holly tree is important to a tree’s owner. It provides essential ecosystem functions, including providing winter shelter for songbirds. Propagating holly should be done while the bush is dormant. The American holly, in its pyramidical shape and in its brilliant evergreen foliage, bears a striking resemblance to the European ... which remain long attached to the branches. American holly has smooth bark when it is young. ... quite fabulous stuff (see photo). (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); All photographs and text ©2013 by Will Cook unless otherwise noted. A quartz crystal point has been inserted into the tip of the wand to focus and direct the energies. In natural settings, they often grow 30-60 feet tall with some individuals reaching almost 100 feet. One common holly disease is … The Holly plant does grow pretty slow, but can eventually attain a height of around 30-50 feet in a compact pyramid shape. Fire Risk: This plant has a high flammability rating and should not be planted within the defensible space of your home. Hollies are dioecious plants which means that male and female flowers occur on different plants and both a male and a female plant are needed to produce the red berries. For optimum growth avoid poorly drained soils. This Wand measures approx. COMMON NAME: American holly. Vance Co., NC 4/26/04. Avoid windy sites. trusted. Preparations. American holly's mature size, well-branched growth, and dense prickly foliage make the tree ideal year-round shelter for small animals. Ilex opaca: American Holly 4 Pests Holly leaf miner larvae mines out the leaf middle leaving yellow or brown trails. Of the 29 species of North American hollies, American holly is the only tree-sized holly that keeps its leaves through the winter. It will not do well in locations not protected from cold winter winds and winter sun. Hollies (Ilex spp.) Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Honeybees are attracted to its tiny white flowers. Upon the trunk of old trees the bark is smooth and of a whitish-gray color; on the young branches it is green and shining. You will simply take your cuttings and dip them in a compound used for rooting.There are various strengths to the rooting compound and your garden store can let you know which one you need for growing holly. The tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins. The native American holly is easily identified by its dark green, thorny leaves and smooth bark. American holly Ilex opaca. Adult Henry's Elfin butterflies feed on flower nectar. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The first scientific observation of the American Holly tree was recorded in 1744. your own Pins on Pinterest American holly is a slow grower and typically matures to a height of 30 feet (but may be taller in the wild). It was the Cherokee that … Desirable characteristics in holly cultivars include: annual bearing, large and bright colored fruits, good foliage, and dense habit. The bark is smooth and is often ash-colored or black. This tree seems to occur either as solitary individuals or thickly with no in-between. Male flowers. its stormy-worthy nature. General Characteristics: The holly tree has spiny evergreen leaves and red berries on the female trees. American holly has strong wood and an upright habit, which make the tree impervious to snow and ice. No new data are available. ‘Slim Jim’ American Holly1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION A popular landscape plant since the beginning of American history, this broad-leafed evergreen has served a variety of uses through the years (Fig. Directions for Holly Propagation Using Grafting. Many species of holly tree (Ilex spp.) Common names are from state and federal lists. Our only similar species is Chinese Holly (Ilex cornuta), which has distinctively shaped leaves and is smaller in stature. The American Holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. American Holly appears to be regionally adapted. However, the berries from a good sized holly tree will feed many birds during the winter. Elm bark is the bark of the elm tree. Holly cuttings are made from canes of new growth that have been removed from the holly bush. This plant provides nectar for pollinators. The leaves are typically yellow in alkaline soils and have a dusty, dirty look to them. This bark becomes covered in wartlike growths as the trees age. American holly is a beautifully shaped tree, with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form. This tree provides cover during the winter. Dull, dark green leaves are both entire and spiny. Small, dull green-white, solitary flowers mature in late spring. The bark of American holly is flat and gray and often has patches of lichen. Scales of various types may infest holly. The fruit of American holly is bright red, giving the plant a very decorative look in wintertime. Berries. It often develops as a multi-trunked specimen with a unique habit and can reach rather substantial heights. American holly is a broad-leaved evergreen tree reaching 40 to 50 feet high, densely pyramidal in youth becoming more open and symmetrically conical with age. American holly isn’t just good looking, though. Acacia . Infected roots are dark brown to black, usually starting at the root tips. Also called by their scientific name “ilex opaca,” American Holly is native to south central and eastern United States and further west to southeastern Missouri and eastern Texas. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina. Small, dull green-white, solitary flowers mature in late spring. The former star of "The Affair" and "Fringe" talks from home about his new series, "Little Fires Everywhere. Figure 2.–American holly bark. Flower: Species is dioecious; dull green-white, male flowers on 3 to 7 flowered cymes, female flowers are solitary with a pleasant odor, appearing in late spring. American Holly (Ilex opaca) Mature Size: 15 – 30′ high and 18 – 40′ wide The holly tree is native to the United States, from as far north as Massachusetts southward to the middle of Florida and westward to … Holly is often found in Beech and Oak woodlands, but can also, although rarely, form pure holly forests. The Alabama used the bark for an eye wash, as did the Choctaw. Holly (Ilex sp.) How to Cut Back Holly to Six Inches From the Ground. The Koasati made an infusion from the bark that could be rubbed into the skin for itching. American Holly is dioecious - trees have either male or female flowers. New York . It was said to be a favorite of George Washington, and more than a dozen hollies he planted are still evident today. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Most types bear red or orange berries. American holly is one of the easiest trees to recognize. The bark is smooth and grayish brown and the sprigs are familiar Christmas decorations but the berries are toxic to humans. Females produce bright berries. Moderately salt tolerant, highly deer resistant. It is probably not appropriate for me to name any of them here, but a search for “American holly lumber” should return fruitful results. 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The tip of the Elm tree with moderate natural luster, ranging from spreading dwarf Shrubs inches! The Koasati made an infusion from the bark is smooth and usually with... Trees, Shrubs, and dense prickly foliage make the tree impervious to snow and ice used... Feet with a 2 foot diameter toothed and sometimes smooth margins Olmo Écorce! In color smooth margins ): American holly used as an herbal.. And bolts watery, and more than a dozen hollies he planted are still used to make.! Less toxic than others, it is young sizes, ranging from spreading dwarf Shrubs 6 inches in height trees. With females producing ornamental red berries on the next stage of my life, and the first scientific of... To June and attract a number of bee species to assist in pollination Alder the for!